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2.5 Options for debugging your program or GNU Fortran

GNU Fortran has various special options that are used for debugging either your program or the GNU Fortran compiler.

-fdump-fortran-original

Output the internal parse tree after translating the source program into internal representation. This option is mostly useful for debugging the GNU Fortran compiler itself. The output generated by this option might change between releases. This option may also generate internal compiler errors for features which have only recently been added.

-fdump-fortran-optimized

Output the parse tree after front-end optimization. Mostly useful for debugging the GNU Fortran compiler itself. The output generated by this option might change between releases. This option may also generate internal compiler errors for features which have only recently been added.

-fdump-parse-tree

Output the internal parse tree after translating the source program into internal representation. Mostly useful for debugging the GNU Fortran compiler itself. The output generated by this option might change between releases. This option may also generate internal compiler errors for features which have only recently been added. This option is deprecated; use -fdump-fortran-original instead.

-ffpe-trap=list

Specify a list of floating point exception traps to enable. On most systems, if a floating point exception occurs and the trap for that exception is enabled, a SIGFPE signal will be sent and the program being aborted, producing a core file useful for debugging. list is a (possibly empty) comma-separated list of the following exceptions: ‘invalid’ (invalid floating point operation, such as SQRT(-1.0)), ‘zero’ (division by zero), ‘overflow’ (overflow in a floating point operation), ‘underflow’ (underflow in a floating point operation), ‘inexact’ (loss of precision during operation), and ‘denormal’ (operation performed on a denormal value). The first five exceptions correspond to the five IEEE 754 exceptions, whereas the last one (‘denormal’) is not part of the IEEE 754 standard but is available on some common architectures such as x86.

The first three exceptions (‘invalid’, ‘zero’, and ‘overflow’) often indicate serious errors, and unless the program has provisions for dealing with these exceptions, enabling traps for these three exceptions is probably a good idea.

Many, if not most, floating point operations incur loss of precision due to rounding, and hence the ffpe-trap=inexact is likely to be uninteresting in practice.

By default no exception traps are enabled.

-ffpe-summary=list

Specify a list of floating-point exceptions, whose flag status is printed to ERROR_UNIT when invoking STOP and ERROR STOP. list can be either ‘none’, ‘all’ or a comma-separated list of the following exceptions: ‘invalid’, ‘zero’, ‘overflow’, ‘underflow’, ‘inexact’ and ‘denormal’. (See -ffpe-trap for a description of the exceptions.)

By default, a summary for all exceptions but ‘inexact’ is shown.

-fno-backtrace

When a serious runtime error is encountered or a deadly signal is emitted (segmentation fault, illegal instruction, bus error, floating-point exception, and the other POSIX signals that have the action ‘core’), the Fortran runtime library tries to output a backtrace of the error. -fno-backtrace disables the backtrace generation. This option only has influence for compilation of the Fortran main program.

See Options for Debugging Your Program or GCC in Using the GNU Compiler Collection (GCC), for more information on debugging options.